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使用golang一步步教你在比特币上刻字

原文 http://blog.csdn.net/u010662978/article/details/79195284

2018-01-30 02:01:04阅读(228)

大家先看一个区域链浏览器的交易链接:

https://www.blocktrail.com/tBCC/tx/a63edbbfa17e45b0890520ca30fce6d8eacd41635d1c447418fcfedffa14d914 打开这个链接, 滑到最后, 会看如图所示的文字

使用<a href=golang一步步教你在比特币上刻字" src="http://img.blog.csdn.net/20180105180213359?watermark/2/text/aHR0cDovL2Jsb2cuY3Nkbi5uZXQvdTAxMDY2Mjk3OA==/font/5a6L5L2T/fontsize/400/fill/I0JBQkFCMA==/dissolve/70/gravity/SouthEast" alt="">

这是怎么做到的? 这是一个比特币的交易, 怎么能附上中文呢? 本文就一步步教 你怎么在比特币交易上添加文字. 因为比特币的交易具有不可篡改性, 且永久存在区域链上, 那么其附带的文字就有这个属性, 这就好像是一个誓言! 誓言记存, 多有意义!!

第一步: 买一定的比特币

比特币交易是需要手续费的, 而当前的手续费并不便宜, 动则至少上百元, 这太贵了. 所以我推荐大家先去比特币测试网络先弄一些币来测试. 怎么在获取比特币测试网络的免费比特币, 大家可以Google下, 有一些网站会免费送. 比如大家可以去 https://testnet.coinfaucet.eu/en/ 这个站点去获取, 当前获取的前提是你有一个测试网络的比特币地址, 不然不知道给谁发币啊. 下面教你怎么用Golang 生成比特币测试地址:

https://github.com/btcsuite/btcd 是bitcoin的golang版实现, 先按照它的文档安装, 这里假设你已经成功安装在本地了.

下面这段代码包含生成测试和正式地址, 你可以运行得到测试地址.

package main
 
import (
   "github.com/btcsuite/btcd/btcec"
   "github.com/btcsuite/btcutil"
   "github.com/btcsuite/btcd/chaincfg"
   "fmt"
)
 
func GenerateBTC() (string, string, error) {
   privKey, err := btcec.NewPrivateKey(btcec.S256())
   if err != nil {
      return "", "", err
   }
 
   privKeyWif, err := btcutil.NewWIF(privKey, &chaincfg.MainNetParams, false)
   if err != nil {
      return "", "", err
   }
   pubKeySerial := privKey.PubKey().SerializeUncompressed()
 
   pubKeyAddress, err := btcutil.NewAddressPubKey(pubKeySerial, &chaincfg.MainNetParams)
   if err != nil {
      return "", "", err
   }
 
   return privKeyWif.String(), pubKeyAddress.EncodeAddress(), nil
}
 
func GenerateBTCTest() (string, string, error) {
   privKey, err := btcec.NewPrivateKey(btcec.S256())
   if err != nil {
      return "", "", err
   }
 
   privKeyWif, err := btcutil.NewWIF(privKey, &chaincfg.TestNet3Params, false)
   if err != nil {
      return "", "", err
   }
   pubKeySerial := privKey.PubKey().SerializeUncompressed()
 
   pubKeyAddress, err := btcutil.NewAddressPubKey(pubKeySerial, &chaincfg.TestNet3Params)
   if err != nil {
      return "", "", err
   }
 
   return privKeyWif.String(), pubKeyAddress.EncodeAddress(), nil
}
 
func main()  {
   wifKey, address, _ := GenerateBTCTest() // 测试地址
   // wifKey, address, _ := GenerateBTC() // 正式地址
   fmt.Println(address, wifKey)
}

假设你得到了一个测试地址: 

地址: mt4p3rZpJE5fXEqvGzNBk9HxYXcWKpPJSd私钥: cV4HmdzGF3gG7NdEtVV7sjq22yoBmZBe5MEGKUqvQTXXXXX(注意,该密钥不是正确的,请不要使用)

然后, 你去https://testnet.coinfaucet.eu/en/ 领免费的测试比特币, 可以通过接口查看该地址的未花费交易信息:

https://api.blockcypher.com/v1/btc/test3/addrs/mt4p3rZpJE5fXEqvGzNBk9HxYXcWKpPJSd/full

总共发了两笔, 第一笔 0.65 第二笔 1.3 总共这个地址的余额是 1.95

{
  "address": "mt4p3rZpJE5fXEqvGzNBk9HxYXcWKpPJSd",
  "total_received": 195000000,
  "total_sent": 0,
  "balance": 195000000,
  "unconfirmed_balance": 0,
  "final_balance": 195000000,
  "n_tx": 2,
  "unconfirmed_n_tx": 0,
  "final_n_tx": 2,
  "txs": [
     // 第二笔
    {
      "block_hash": "00000000000004149feebc41cfeb5a66df052f989aec60faec711caee4f93b3c",
      "block_height": 1255326,
      "block_index": 53,
      "hash": "2c56134c99b24e17f5c3852d910e2e090848652c4e7b08ee8aa7450b2e14d7c4",
      "addresses": [
        "2N48GnaEkd8eZgQ5MLTb6EGBvqfuQ94sVTv",
        "2NAwfhDByKfV5ZPr4cnLVg9hMHcx31CZbEp",
        "mt4p3rZpJE5fXEqvGzNBk9HxYXcWKpPJSd"
      ],
      "total": 197064067190,
      "fees": 100000,
      "size": 140,
      "preference": "high",
      "relayed_by": "94.130.106.254:18333",
      "confirmed": "2017-12-19T02:32:36Z",
      "received": "2017-12-19T02:17:26.601Z",
      "ver": 1,
      "double_spend": false,
      "vin_sz": 1,
      "vout_sz": 2,
      "confirmations": 5672,
      "confidence": 1,
      "inputs": [
        {
          "prev_hash": "7265ffdf8310fc2ecd6277759f39de9c801149ca602c6b2236667d2af2d5dd29",
          "output_index": 1,
          "script": "1600149eb46621cceac0e393b5cd5ffb481fafa48a16fc",
          "output_value": 197064167190,
          "sequence": 4294967295,
          "addresses": [
            "2NAwfhDByKfV5ZPr4cnLVg9hMHcx31CZbEp"
          ],
          "script_type": "pay-to-script-hash",
          "age": 1255313,
          "witness": [
            "3044022034bb850d1efab224a14b7cd7565a9fce58fb89794f50471419115f1b893f626d022027a849a46f3a902944e3f01a66eb0fc489bfe8e5a7815b8644128b7e6f89ace101",
            "030916ad60b499268f909e20867b49d22e55b3864aafc896120c6daec1011ceecb"
          ]
        }
      ],
      "outputs": [
        {
          "value": 130000000,
          "script": "76a91489a7f0117eaf47d8b4af740c66116e35ffe1bea988ac",
          "addresses": [
            "mt4p3rZpJE5fXEqvGzNBk9HxYXcWKpPJSd"
          ],
          "script_type": "pay-to-pubkey-hash"
        },
        {
          "value": 196934067190,
          "script": "a9147758cec0a445f9908186f5cfeeb52bc0077c7e1487",
          "spent_by": "5c3c00896db0ba1a7526c6e8c3495c29264df99d4a494afbd909af4f0d4df605",
          "addresses": [
            "2N48GnaEkd8eZgQ5MLTb6EGBvqfuQ94sVTv"
          ],
          "script_type": "pay-to-script-hash"
        }
      ]
    },
    // 第一笔
    {
      "block_hash": "00000000000004149feebc41cfeb5a66df052f989aec60faec711caee4f93b3c",
      "block_height": 1255326,
      "block_index": 40,
      "hash": "48eea09764713f3dadcfed29490ab5e288299e01e571e1f7a1396a75ce38e067",
      "addresses": [
        "2N4Mrw2XRMEfAuf51JiZsaQCSxr9UowxSbJ",
        "2N5CNRLZXXZt2JFxPLX9z6HF9gdgLqG3ycH",
        "mt4p3rZpJE5fXEqvGzNBk9HxYXcWKpPJSd"
      ],
      "total": 196092936523,
      "fees": 100000,
      "size": 140,
      "preference": "high",
      "relayed_by": "88.196.208.18:18333",
      "confirmed": "2017-12-19T02:32:36Z",
      "received": "2017-12-19T02:17:33.267Z",
      "ver": 1,
      "double_spend": false,
      "vin_sz": 1,
      "vout_sz": 2,
      "confirmations": 5672,
      "confidence": 1,
      "inputs": [
        {
          "prev_hash": "2880f6c768afa728fa9374af0617d535a960243f2820de53992279a59b84d8a3",
          "output_index": 1,
          "script": "1600147ce118c5a9faa2fdf5bc1c7feb41ddac7084a481",
          "output_value": 196093036523,
          "sequence": 4294967295,
          "addresses": [
            "2N5CNRLZXXZt2JFxPLX9z6HF9gdgLqG3ycH"
          ],
          "script_type": "pay-to-script-hash",
          "age": 1255313,
          "witness": [
            "30440220741aa14828e97e0fd9668b9070e2ab886f3646456c33b143c291f6c47e1ec985022005f624843908a745dbc5d703361065a5fbca9aa0b1fb4aca105cd09d8e6fd09e01",
            "02fe3a6a5cfb075b84d5a0e6daa2220dc49c8a36b61f49f86111dd08141166b7fc"
          ]
        }
      ],
      // 以下几个值比较重要
      "outputs": [
        {
          "value": 65000000,
          "script": "76a91489a7f0117eaf47d8b4af740c66116e35ffe1bea988ac",
          "addresses": [
            "mt4p3rZpJE5fXEqvGzNBk9HxYXcWKpPJSd"
          ],
          "script_type": "pay-to-pubkey-hash"
        },
        {
          "value": 196027936523,
          "script": "a91479eab7f3bf5054cc47da2761f0b61d6cb622622a87",
          "spent_by": "dc32b80ba7f863572c8dd97508d8c7a04af35d10671c9ca3c60f0d28c552c8d1",
          "addresses": [
            "2N4Mrw2XRMEfAuf51JiZsaQCSxr9UowxSbJ"
          ],
          "script_type": "pay-to-script-hash"
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

记住第一笔的这几个值:

tx_hash 48eea09764713f3dadcfed29490ab5e288299e01e571e1f7a1396a75ce38e067tx_output_n 0script: 76a91489a7f0117eaf47d8b4af740c66116e35ffe1bea988acvalue 65000000

我们接下来会用到这个未花费交易

第二步: 构造交易, 附上文字

下面构造一个交易, 这个交易给自己发一笔钱, 交易费是0.001

address := "mt4p3rZpJE5fXEqvGzNBk9HxYXcWKpPJSd"
var balance int64 = 65000000 // 余额
var fee int64 = 0.001 * 1e8 // 交易费
var leftToMe = balance - fee // 余额-交易费就是剩下再给我的
 
// 1. 构造输出
outputs := []*wire.TxOut{}
 
// 1.1 输出1, 给自己转剩下的钱
addr, _ := btcutil.DecodeAddress(address, &chaincfg.SimNetParams)
pkScript, _ := txscript.PayToAddrScript(addr)
outputs = append(outputs, wire.NewTxOut(leftToMe, pkScript))
 
// 1.2 输出2, 添加文字
comment := "这是一个留言, 哈哈"
pkScript, _ = txscript.NullDataScript([]byte(comment))
outputs = append(outputs, wire.NewTxOut(int64(0), pkScript))

第三步: 构造输入
// 2. 构造输入
prevTxHash := "48eea09764713f3dadcfed29490ab5e288299e01e571e1f7a1396a75ce38e067"
prevPkScriptHex := "76a91489a7f0117eaf47d8b4af740c66116e35ffe1bea988ac"
prevTxOutputN := uint32(0)
 
hash, _ := chainhash.NewHashFromStr(prevTxHash) // tx hash
outPoint := wire.NewOutPoint(hash, prevTxOutputN) // 第几个输出
txIn := wire.NewTxIn(outPoint, nil, nil)
inputs := []*wire.TxIn{txIn}
 
prevPkScript, _ := hex.DecodeString(prevPkScriptHex)
prevPkScripts := make([][]byte, 1)
prevPkScripts[0] = prevPkScript
 
tx := &wire.MsgTx{
   Version:  wire.TxVersion,
   TxIn:     inputs,
   TxOut:    outputs,
   LockTime: 0,
}

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