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使用socket实现网页内容抓取

原文 http://blog.csdn.net/liangzhao_jay/article/details/79206085

2018-01-31 02:02:01阅读(213)

例如抓取  blog.csdn.net/carson_ho/article/details/79157408 该链接的网页内容

示例代码如下:

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <list>
#include <map>
#include <queue>
#include <string>
#include <utility>
//#include <regex>
#include <fstream>
#include <WinSock2.h>
#include <Windows.h>
#pragma comment(lib, "ws2_32.lib")
using namespace std;
void startupWSA()
{
	WSADATA wsadata;
	WSAStartup( MAKEWORD(2,0), &wsadata);
}
inline void cleanupWSA()
{
	WSACleanup();
}
inline pair<string, string> binaryString(const string &str, const string &dilme)
{
	pair<string, string> result(str, "");
	int pos = str.find(dilme);
	if ( pos != string::npos )
	{
		result.first = str.substr(0, pos);
		result.second = str.substr(pos + dilme.size());
	}
	return result;
}
inline string getIpByHostName(const string &hostName)
{
	hostent* phost = gethostbyname( hostName.c_str() );
	return phost? inet_ntoa(*(in_addr *)phost->h_addr_list[0]): "";
}
inline socket connect(const string &hostName)
{
	string ip = getIpByHostName(hostName);
	if ( ip.empty() )
		return 0;
	SOCKET sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
	if ( sock == INVALID_SOCKET )
		return 0;
	SOCKADDR_IN addr;
	addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
	addr.sin_port = htons(80);
	addr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(ip.c_str());
	if ( connect(sock, (const sockaddr *)&addr, sizeof(SOCKADDR_IN)) == SOCKET_ERROR )
		return 0;
	return sock;
}
inline bool sendRequest(SOCKET sock, const string &host, const string &get)
{
	string http 
		= "GET " + get + " HTTP/1.1\r\n"
		+ "HOST: " + host + "\r\n"
		+ "Connection: close\r\n\r\n";
	return http.size() == send(sock, &http[0], http.size(), 0);
}
inline string recvRequest(SOCKET sock)
{
	static timeval wait = {2, 0};
	static string buffer = string(2048 * 100, '\0');
	int len = 0, reclen = 0;
	do {
		fd_set fd = {0};
		FD_SET(sock, &fd);
		reclen = 0;
		if ( select(0, &fd, NULL, NULL, &wait) > 0 )
		{
			reclen = recv(sock, &buffer[0] + len, 2048 * 100 - len, 0);
			if (reclen > 0)
				len += reclen;
		}
		FD_ZERO(&fd);
	} while (reclen > 0);
	return len > 11
		? buffer[9] == '2' && buffer[10] == '0' && buffer[11] == '0'
		? buffer.substr(0, len)
		: ""
		: "";
}
/*inline void extUrl(const string &buffer, queue<string> &urlQueue)
{
	if (buffer.empty())
	{
		return ;
	}
	smatch result;
	auto curIter = buffer.begin();
	auto endIter = buffer.end();
	while ( regex_search(curIter, endIter, result, regex("href=\"(https?:)?//\\S+\"") ) )
	{
		urlQueue.push(regex_replace(
			result[0].str(), 
			regex("href=\"(https?:)?//(\\S+)\""),
			"$2") );
		curIter = result[0].second;
	}
}*/
void Go(const string &url, int count)
{
	queue<string> urls;
	urls.push(url);
	for (int i = 0; i != count; ++i)
	{
		if ( !urls.empty() )
		{
			string &url = urls.front();
			//auto pair = binaryString( url, "/" );
			pair<string, string> pair = binaryString( url, "/" );
			SOCKET sock = connect(pair.first);
			if ( sock && sendRequest(sock, pair.first, "/" + pair.second) )
			{
				string recvStr = recvRequest(sock);
				int pos = 0;
				pos = recvStr.find('<', 0);
				if (pos != -1)
				{
					recvStr = recvStr.substr(pos, recvStr.length());
					FILE* fp = NULL;
					fp = fopen("C:\\Users\\hadoop\\Desktop\\666.html", "wb");
					if (fp)
					{
						fwrite(recvStr.c_str(), sizeof(char), recvStr.length(), fp);
					}
					fclose(fp);
					fp = NULL;
				}
				cout<<"recv\n";
				//auto buffer = move( recvRequest(sock) );
				//如果获取 多层链接 需要调用如下函数 并引入相关的库
				//extUrl(buffer, urls);
			}
			closesocket(sock);
			cout << url << ": count=> " << urls.size() <<  endl;
			urls.pop();
		}
	}
}
int main()
{
	startupWSA();
	Go("blog.csdn.net/carson_ho/article/details/79157408", 200);
	cleanupWSA();
	return 0;
}
原理: 通过域名获取IP; 通过send发送GET请求;获取到的网页内容含有响应包头,故需要进行截取


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