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MAC安装nginx教程

原文 http://blog.csdn.net/qq_28867949/article/details/79212485

2018-02-01 02:01:40阅读(386)

苹果电脑MAC安装nginx教程

最近在搭建Tomcat + Nginx 集群时,安装nginx遇到了点小问题,在这里记录下,方便大家参考

Mac下用brew安装nginx
- 可参考文章:https://www.jianshu.com/p/6c7cb820a020

1、首先讲下,Mac下用brew 默认默认默认 安装nginx — 只想说坑爹

首先想到的是上网找nginx的安装办法。可是事事不如人意,安装过程中各种依赖没有。无奈之下想到如果用brew来安装的话就可以避免自己去安装这些依赖。
下面是brew的安装方法:(由于MAC自带ruby,所以安装起来极其轻松)
ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)" 
一行命令直接搞定...
那么接下来就来安装nginx吧。
在终端输入以下命令,即可安装:
brew install nginx   
(或者 /usr/local/bin/brew install nginx)
过后等着就行了。会自动安装pcre和ssl等~
成功后,配置你的nginx...

2、简单说下这种静默安装的坑爹地方在哪

可能有强迫症吧......
先上代码,给大家看下小子Mac下 
默认安装位置,是不是感觉很坑爹,反正我是不习惯果断卸载,使用离线安装~
able@localhost:/usr/local/bin  $ nginx -V  (大写的V,查看版本,以及配置文件地址)
nginx version: nginx/1.12.1
built by clang 9.0.0 (clang-900.0.37)
built with OpenSSL 1.1.0f  25 May 2017
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: --prefix=/usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.12.1 --with-http_ssl_module --with-pcre --sbin-path=/usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.12.1/bin/nginx --with-cc-opt='-I/usr/local/opt/pcre/include -I/usr/local/opt/openssl@1.1/include' --with-ld-opt='-L/usr/local/opt/pcre/lib -L/usr/local/opt/openssl@1.1/lib' --conf-path=/usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --pid-path=/usr/local/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/usr/local/var/run/nginx.lock --http-client-body-temp-path=/usr/local/var/run/nginx/client_body_temp --http-proxy-temp-path=/usr/local/var/run/nginx/proxy_temp --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/usr/local/var/run/nginx/fastcgi_temp --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/usr/local/var/run/nginx/uwsgi_temp --http-scgi-temp-path=/usr/local/var/run/nginx/scgi_temp --http-log-path=/usr/local/var/log/nginx/access.log --error-log-path=/usr/local/var/log/nginx/error.log --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_v2_module
关键关键在于 我找不到它们所以不习惯,Linux安装习惯了指定目录,这里就不说什么了卸载吧!
问题关键在于还卸载不干净
需要手动删除的目录:
1、cd /usr/local/var/  目录下的  www目录
2、cd /usr/local/etc/    目录下的 nginx目录
命令如下:   
able@localhost:/usr/local/var  $ rm -R www
able@localhost:/usr/local/etc  $ rm -R nginx

3、小子Mac使用brew安装nginx,全过程

able@localhost:/Users/able  $ brew install nginx
Updating Homebrew...
==> Auto-updated Homebrew!
Updated 1 tap (homebrew/core).
==> New Formulae
ballerina                                   coreos-ct                                   qtkeychain                                  shogun
==> Updated Formulae
apm-server               elasticsearch            jhipster                 log4cplus                packetbeat               python-markdown          terragrunt
auditbeat                filebeat                 kibana                   logentries               picard-tools             rabbitmq                 vagrant-completion
bit                      harfbuzz                 ledit                    logstash                 plantuml                 rakudo-star              vala
carthage                 heartbeat                librealsense             makensis                 presto                   rtags                    zanata-client
conan                    i2p                      libtrng                  metricbeat               prips                    sccache
==> Installing dependencies for nginx: openssl
==> Installing nginx dependency: openssl
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/openssl-1.0.2n.high_sierra.bottle.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring openssl-1.0.2n.high_sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
A CA file has been bootstrapped using certificates from the SystemRoots
keychain. To add additional certificates (e.g. the certificates added in
the System keychain), place .pem files in
  /usr/local/etc/openssl/certs
and run
  /usr/local/opt/openssl/bin/c_rehash
This formula is keg-only, which means it was not symlinked into /usr/local,
because Apple has deprecated use of OpenSSL in favor of its own TLS and crypto libraries.
If you need to have this software first in your PATH run:
  echo 'export PATH="/usr/local/opt/openssl/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.zshrc
For compilers to find this software you may need to set:
    LDFLAGS:  -L/usr/local/opt/openssl/lib
    CPPFLAGS: -I/usr/local/opt/openssl/include
==> Summary
��  /usr/local/Cellar/openssl/1.0.2n: 1,792 files, 12.3MB
==> Installing nginx
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/nginx-1.12.2_1.high_sierra.bottle.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring nginx-1.12.2_1.high_sierra.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
Docroot is: /usr/local/var/www
The default port has been set in /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf to 8080 so that
nginx can run without sudo.
nginx will load all files in /usr/local/etc/nginx/servers/.
To have launchd start nginx now and restart at login:
  brew services start nginx
Or, if you don't want/need a background service you can just run:
  nginx
==> Summary
��  /usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.12.2_1: 23 files, 1MB
下面介绍方法一:

使用源文件(离线)进行安装,可以不翻墙

以下是在Mac OS X 10.13.3 安装nginx步骤

1.安装PCRE

PCRE 作用是让 Ngnix 支持 Rewrite 功能。
1、下载PCRE安装包 地址:http://www.pcre.org/

1、Download latest PCRE. 
2、安装
$ cd ~/Downloads
##当然你的pcre源文件是下载到了Downloads目录
$ tar xvzf pcre-8.5
##版本可能不同pcre-8.5
$ cd pcre-8.5
$ sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
$ sudo make
$ sudo make install
或者
$ make && make install
3、查看pcre版本
$ pcre-config --version
注意:如果Mac在2017年升级macOS High Sierra 10.13.3

在安装pcre时会提示:

xcrun: error: invalid active developer path (/Library/Developer/CommandLineTools), missing xcrun at: /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/usr/bin/xcrun.

解决办法:
打开终端,然后运行以下命令:

$ xcode-select --install

这将下载并安装xcode开发人员工具并解决问题。问题是需要明确同意许可协议。

2.安装Nginx
1、Download latest nginx from Nginx.org. 
2、安装
$ cd ~/Downloads
$ tar xvzf nginx-1.6.0.tar.gz
$ cd nginx-1.6.0
$ sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_ssl_module --with-cc-opt="-Wno-deprecated-declarations"
$ sudo make
$ sudo make install
3.开启Nginx
1、将/usr/local/nginx/sbin加入到环境变量里
2、运行
$ sudo nginx 
3、打开浏览器 http://localhost,如果看到如下界面表明nginx启动正常了
4.停止
$ sudo nginx -s stop
下面介绍方法二:

使用homebrew安装,提醒需要翻墙,前面介绍的源码安装方式不需要翻墙,只需要在从网上下载源码、编译、安装即可,建议先确认一下自己能否翻墙,如果可以翻墙就用第二种方法,如果不能就用第一种。。。

brew search nginx
brew install nginx

启动nginx ,sudo nginx启动nginx ;然后,访问localhost:8080 发现已出现nginx的欢迎页面了,说明nginx安装成功

– 备注: ln -s /usr/local/sbin/nginx /usr/bin/nginx 做个软连接。

常用的指令有:
nginx -V 查看版本,以及配置文件地址
nginx -v 查看版本
nginx -c filename 指定配置文件
nginx -h 帮助
nginx -s reload|reopen|stop|quit    重新加载配置|重启|停止|退出 nginx
打开 nginx
sudo nginx
测试配置是否有语法错误
nginx -t

另外附上Mac安装brew命令:

curl -LsSf http://github.com/mxcl/homebrew/tarball/master | sudo tar xvz -C/usr/local --strip 1
当brew安装成功后,就可以随意安装自己想要的软件了,例如wget,命令如下:
sudo brew install wget
当卸载的话,命令如下:
sudo brew uninstall wget
当查看安装软件的话,命令如下:
sudo brew search /apache*/

注意/apache*/是使用的正则表达式,用/分割。

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