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Centos7下源码安装Mysql5.7

2016-05-03 17:40:44阅读(209)

安装依赖包
yum -y install autoconf automake libtool cmake ncurses-devel openssl-devel lzo-devel zlib-devel gcc gcc-c++
下载相应源码
wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz
wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.12.tar.gz
添加mysql用户
useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql
解压源码包
tar zxvf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz -C /home/mysql #将文件解压至/home/mysql目录下
tar zxvf mysql-5.7.12.tar.gz
编译mysql
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01 \
-DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 \
-DWITH_BOOST=/home/mysql/boost_1_59_0 \ #指定boost的位置
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc/mysql \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DENABLE_DTRACE=0 \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306;
编译安装
make -j `grep processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l` #编译时会消耗很大内存,小内存可能无法编译完成
make install#开始安装
配置启动
cp /home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
添加可执行权限
chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld #mysqld可以修改mysql的配置文件路径
配置mysql的配置/etc/my.cnf,仅供参考
[client]
port = 3306
socket = /home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01/mysql.sock
default-character-set = utf8

[mysqld]
port = 3306
socket = /home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01/mysql.sock

basedir = /home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01
datadir = /home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01
pid-file = /home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01/mysql/mysql.pid
user = mysql
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
server-id = 1

init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8'
character-set-server = utf8

back_log = 300

max_connections = 1000
max_connect_errors = 6000
open_files_limit = 65535
table_open_cache = 128
max_allowed_packet = 4M
binlog_cache_size = 1M
max_heap_table_size = 8M
tmp_table_size = 16M

read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
join_buffer_size = 8M
key_buffer_size = 4M

thread_cache_size = 8

query_cache_type = 1
query_cache_size = 8M
query_cache_limit = 2M

ft_min_word_len = 4

log_bin = /home/mysql/mysql_logs/mysql-5.7-01/mysql-bin
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_days = 30

log_error = /home/mysql/mysql_logs/mysql-5.7-01/mysql-error.log
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 1
slow_query_log_file = /home/mysql/mysql_logs/mysql-5.7-01/mysql-slow.log

performance_schema = 0
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp


skip-external-locking

default_storage_engine = InnoDB
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_open_files = 500
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 64M
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
innodb_purge_threads = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 2M
innodb_log_file_size = 32M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120

bulk_insert_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1

interactive_timeout = 28800
wait_timeout = 28800

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M

[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer = 4M
write_buffer = 4M
记得将mysql相关文件夹分配给我们之前创建的mysql用户
chown -R mysql.mysql mysql/
初始化数据库
/home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01/bin/mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --basedir=/home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01 --datadir=/home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01 #–-initialize-insecure 不生成随机密码
启动数据库
/etc/init.d/mysqld start
进入数据库
/home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01/bin/mysql -uroot -p

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